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Securemetro Project

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SECUREMETRO is a European R&D project aimed at reinforcing one of the Metro de Madrid strategic guidelines, namely improving the safety of users.

It is a research project developed by an international consortium with a strong Spanish presence, which has examined materials, components and railway and metro car design capable of reducing injuries to passengers in terrorist attacks with explosives on board trains.

The project, in which Metro de Madrid has played a major role through being one of the principal leaders, has as its main aims lessening the attractiveness of rail transport systems as targets for terrorist attacks through reducing the number of deaths and injuries, increasing the resistance of the cars to explosions, and lowering the economic impact.

Started up in early 2010 and with a termination date set at June 2013, it has benefited from co-funding by the European Commission within the Seventh Research Framework Programme.

Under the coordination of the University of Newcastle, the consortium counts on the participation of eleven entities, five of them Spanish: Metro de Madrid, Tecnalia-Inas, Maxam-Expal, Sunsundegui and the Spanish Railways Foundation (FFE). These have cooperated with companies and research centres from the United Kingdom, France and Italy.

Metro de Madrid supplied an out-of-service Series 5000 car, which was transferred to Buxton (UK) to undergo a controlled explosion, recorded with high-speed cameras in order to obtain a better understanding of the movement of the expansive blast inside the vehicle and the reaction of the interior fixtures and fittings and materials. It was a case of the first test of this type conducted on a real-life scale in a European project.

The results were used for the design of a vehicle prototype produced by Sunsundegui with higher explosion strength, which underwent tests in Burgos in the autumn of 2012. This design includes the securing of such components as roof panels with retaining cable, application of plastic coatings on the windows, and replacement of heavier frames for lighter ones with greater energy-absorbing capacity.
One of the key criteria was to seek solutions and materials that could be implemented on already existing rolling stock models, with the result that technologies have been developed that may be used both in new car designs and those already in existence. They are materials that absorb the shock wave more readily and become deformed but do not break, so that the damage is much less extensive in the event of an explosion.

The results of the project of application in the industry are low-cost proposals suitable for being implemented in the medium term.

The consortium has forwarded the conclusions and recommendations to the European Commission, while the results of the project were also made known at a presentation in Madrid on 19 June 2013.
Further information: http://securemetro.inrets.fr/

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