Do you know the artists with underground stations named after them?
Tirso de Molina (L1):
Gabriel José López Téllez (1579-1648) was a priest, a dramatist, a poet and a story-teller. His works focused on the comedy of errors, with such titles as 'El burlador de Sevilla' [The libertine of Seville], to which many people attribute the creation of the figure of Don Juan. The square and the station take his name because he lived for some years in Merced Convent, in a room which looked out onto Calle Colegiata, formerly Calle Burro.
Concha Espina (L9):
Concepción Rodríguez-Espina y García-Tagle (1869-1955). Her first collection of poems was published when she was only 19. Her first novel, ‘La niña de Luzmela’ (1909) [The Girl from Luzmela] was a great success, as was her novel ‘El metal de los muertos’ [The metal of the Dead], published in 1920. In 1927, she received the National Literature Prize, with a cash award that she donated to the construction of the monument to Cervantes, in Plaza de España.
Vicente Aleixandre (L6):
Vicente Pío Marcelino Cirilo Aleixandre y Merlo (1898-1984). Nobel Prize-winner for Literature in 1977, this poet from the Generation of 27 held Seat O at the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language in 1950. Among other awards, he won the National Literature Prize in 1934, for his work 'La destrucción o el amor' [Destruction or Love]. It wasn’t until he finished his university studies in Commercial Law in 1917 that he discovered his love for poetry thanks, first of all, to a book by Rubén Darío and then to another by Antonio Machado.
Alonso Cano (L7):
Alonso Cano Almansa (1601-1667) was a painter, sculptor and architect. He is considered to be one of the most important artists of the Spanish Baroque. He was appointed as court painter by the Count-Duke of Olivares and was considered to be a pioneer in scene painting and Grenadian sculpture. He is remembered as socially inept, perhaps due to his artistic nature, and is nicknamed in history of art manuals as the “Spanish Michelangelo”.
Goya (L2, L4):
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828). Considered the forerunner to 20th Century pictorial avant-garde movements, such as expressionism, Goya is one of the most important figures in Spanish art. He began his career in Madrid at the Royal Tapestry Factory, where he designed embroidery. His works reflect the tumultuous historical period he lived through, particularly the War of Independence. His most famous works include ‘La maja desnuda’ [The Nude Maja] and ‘Los fusilamientos de La Moncloa’ [The Third of May].
Paco de Lucía (L9):
Francisco Sánchez Gómez (1947-2014). A musician and song-writer, he is considered to be the best Flamenco guitarist for his guitar virtuoso, closely linked to that of Camarón de la Isla. He is considered to have placed Flamenco on the international stage, while fusing it with such rhythms as jazz, bossa nova and classical music. His artistic name comes from his mother, known as Lucía la Portuguesa. His most famous song, ‘Entre dos aguas’ [Between two waters], was an improvisation that was originally used as a fill-in on one of his LPs.