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Suburban museums

Metro de Madrid houses some riches that familiarize the user with part of the history of Madrid, as is the case of the Caños del Peral Museum at Ópera or the paleontological site at Carpetana Station. The remodelling of both stations led to the discovery of major archaeological and palaeontological findings, now turned into a museum and open to the public at large.

Caños del Peral Museum

Amaniel aqueduct The Arenal sewer

Ópera Station accommodates the largest underground archaeological museum in Madrid, with a floor space of 200 square metres, exhibiting archaeological remains from the 16th and 17th centuries belonging to the Caños del Peral Fountain, the Amaniel Aqueduct and the Arenal Sewer.

In the early 16th century piped water did not reach the houses in Madrid, despite being an essential element in the development of the city, and the supply system consisted of cisterns or troughs installed in squares or alongside gates or walls. In modern times public fountains replaced the cisterns and a part of those fountains is what we can see today at Ópera.

The Caños del Peral Fountain had six spouts and their respective basins. The water came from a hard water spring in Plazuela de los Caños.

The Amaniel Aqueduct, which dates back to the early 17th century, started off from the modern-day Dehesa de la Villa and supplied water to the Royal Palace.

The Arenal Sewer was built to remedy the problem of evacuating waste water, which was piped off for discharge into the Leganitos Stream, somewhere along the present-day Cuesta de San Vicente.

These items of water infrastructure allow visitors to get a closer idea of the past, while they may also enter the audiovisuals room to learn the history of the remains on display.

Ópera Station (Lines 2, 5 and the Spur). Plaza Isabel II, 1  


Visiting times:
Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays, from 11: 00 to 13: 00 and 17: 00 to 19: 00. 
Closed to the public on Christmas Day and New Year’s Day.
From 10 to 16 April from 11:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.. 
Free visit. free access until full capacity is reached
Information telephone: 902 444 403 - 91 779 63 99

Paleontological site at Carpetana Station

Shown in the station of Carpetana Paleoenvironmental recreation



During the remodelling works at Carpetana Station palaeontological remains with valuable Myocene findings were discovered, which has enabled the palaeoenvironments of two vertical deposits to be reconstructed.

The first of the spaces has a vinyl panel with images representing the palaeoenvironment existing over 15 million years ago, with remains mainly corresponding to mastodons of the Gonphotherium aungustidens species In addition, this exhibition area contains a reconstruction of a deer called Heteroprox with the environments and plant species existing at that time at Carpetana, as we have been able to learn this on account of the pollen and animal fossils recovered in the excavation.

The second space depicts the palaeoenvironment of some 14 million years ago and some of the wildlife items found in the excavations are represented, such as a wolf-bear, a feline at the top of a tree, a giant tortoise, rhinoceroses, and a wild boar.

Carpetana Station (Line 6). Vía Carpetana, 328.
Visiting times: every day, during station opening hours (6 a.m. to 1:30 a.m.)

The old forecourt of Pacífico Station

The old forecourt of Pacífico Station It is located at the platform in the direction of Valdecarros

The old forecourt of Pacífico Station is a structure dating from 1923, the year in which this station on Line 1 was opened along with the extension from Atocha to Puente de Vallecas. It is located at the platform in the direction of Valdecarros.

The architectural project of the Pacífico complex was designed by Antonio Palacios and includes the Engine Shed, the underground station, the offices, workshops, stores and the engineer’s own home. The original project envisaged a vaulted forecourt with a central skylight, which was modified for the present rectangular ground plan with strong buttresses that divides it into three sections and three more extended vaults with smaller skylights at the centre. There was a single entrance from the former Calle del Pacífico, now called Avenida Ciudad de Barcelona, on the corner with Calle de Caridad.

In 1961 the platforms were lengthened from 60 to 90 metres on account of the change in train composition from 4 to 6 cars and the new extension included the opening of two new forecourts, one with an entrance on the even numbers side of Calle Doctor Esquerdo and the other on Calle de Sánchez Barcaiztegui, with closure of the original forecourt. It was subsequently restored for re-opening to the public, forming part of the set of Metro Madrid subway museums.


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